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15 definitions found
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  00-database-info
     This file was converted from the original database on:
               Sun Oct 2 11:28:39 2011
  
     The original data is available from:
               ftp://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/gcide
     (However, this archive does not always contain the most
     recent version of the dictionary.)
  
  The original data was distributed with the notice shown below.
  No additional restrictions are claimed. Please redistribute this
  changed version under the same conditions and restriction that
  apply to the original version.
  
  ===============================================================
  
   Begin file 1 of 26:  Letter A (Version 0.48) 
          
             This file is part 1 of the GNU version of
       The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
                 Also referred to as GCIDE
    * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
  
  GCIDE is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
  under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published
  by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your
  option) any later version.
  
  GCIDE is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
  WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
  GNU General Public License for more details.
  
  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public
  License along with this copy of GCIDE; see the file COPYING.  If
  not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple
  Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
            * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
  
             This dictionary was derived from the
           Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
                   Version published 1913
                 by the  C. & G. Merriam Co.
                     Springfield, Mass.
                   Under the direction of
                  Noah Porter, D.D., LL.D.
  
                          and from
             WordNet, a semantic network created by
                the Cognitive Science Department
                   of Princeton University
                    under the direction of
                     Prof. George Miller
  
               and is being updated and supplemented by
           an open coalition of volunteer collaborators from
                         around the world.
  
       This electronic dictionary is the starting point for an
  ongoing project to develop a modern on-line comprehensive
  encyclopedic dictionary, by the efforts of all individuals
  willing to help build a large and freely available knowledge
  base.  Contributions of data, time, and effort are requested
  from any person willing to assist creation of a comprehensive
  and organized knowledge base for free access on the internet. 
  Anyone willing to assist in any way in constructing such a
  knowledge base should contact:
  
       Patrick Cassidy          pc@worldsoul.org
       735 Belvidere Ave.       Office: (908)668-5252
       Plainfield, NJ 07062
       (908) 561-3416
  
  
     Last edit October 6, 2002.
  
   

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  00-database-info
  This file was converted from the original database on:
            2014-04-17T12:33:52
  
  The original data is available from:
       ftp://ftp.cogsci.princeton.edu/pub/wordnet/2.0
  
  The original data was distributed with the notice shown below. No
  additional restrictions are claimed.  Please redistribute this changed
  version under the same conditions and restriction that apply to the
  original version.
  
  
  This software and database is being provided to you, the LICENSEE, by  
  Princeton University under the following license.  By obtaining, using  
  and/or copying this software and database, you agree that you have  
  read, understood, and will comply with these terms and conditions.:  
  
  Permission to use, copy, modify and distribute this software and  
  database and its documentation for any purpose and without fee or  
  royalty is hereby granted, provided that you agree to comply with  
  the following copyright notice and statements, including the disclaimer,  
  and that the same appear on ALL copies of the software, database and  
  documentation, including modifications that you make for internal  
  use or for distribution.  
  
  WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University.  All rights reserved.  
  
  THIS SOFTWARE AND DATABASE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND PRINCETON  
  UNIVERSITY MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR  
  IMPLIED.  BY WAY OF EXAMPLE, BUT NOT LIMITATION, PRINCETON  
  UNIVERSITY MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES OF MERCHANT-  
  ABILITY OR FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR THAT THE USE  
  OF THE LICENSED SOFTWARE, DATABASE OR DOCUMENTATION WILL NOT  
  INFRINGE ANY THIRD PARTY PATENTS, COPYRIGHTS, TRADEMARKS OR  
  OTHER RIGHTS.  
  
  The name of Princeton University or Princeton may not be used in  
  advertising or publicity pertaining to distribution of the software  
  and/or database.  Title to copyright in this software, database and  
  any associated documentation shall at all times remain with  
  Princeton University and LICENSEE agrees to preserve same.  
  

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  00-database-info
  Title:  Moby Thesaurus II
  
  Author:  Grady Ward, grady@gradyward.com
  
  Edition: 1.0
  
  Moby (tm) Thesaurus II Documentation Notes
  
  This documentation, the software and/or database are:
  
  Public Domain material by grant from the author, January, 2001.
  
  Moby Thesaurus is the largest and most comprehensive thesaurus data
  source in English available for commercial use.  This second edition
  has been thoroughly revised adding more than 5,000 root words (to
  total more than 30,000) with an additional _million_ synonyms and
  related terms (to total more than 2.5 _million_ synonyms and related
  terms).
  

From The Elements (07Nov00) :

  This file was converted from the original database on:
            Mon Feb 27 20:10:46 2012
  
  The original data is available from:
       http://www.miranda.org/~jkominek/elements/
  
  The original data was distributed with the notice shown below. No
  additional restrictions are claimed.  Please redistribute this changed
  version under the same conditions and restriction that apply to the
  original version.
  
  Elements database 20001107
  This dictionary database was created by Jay F. Kominek
   (Feel free to send any comments, additions,
  corrections, money to that address) It was compiled from a variety of
  sources, and is in my opinion, a work of my own. (The only stuff that
  was really copied verbatim was the atomic numbers and weights, please,
  I'd like to see someone try and exert a copyright on the values of
  atoms.)
  So, I place this in the public domain, if it somehow breaks, you get to
  keep both pieces. It'd be nice if you kept the fact that I compiled the
  information in here, but is not needed.
  Up to date copies can probably be found on the web at:
  http://www.miranda.org/~jkominek/elements/
  Texts of the superheavy elements are copied from the Wikipedia.
  

From V.E.R.A. -- Virtual Entity of Relevant Acronyms (January 2014) :

  This file was converted from the original database on:
            Sat May 31 09:31:25 2014
  
  The original data is available from:
       http://home.snafu.de/ohei
  
  The original data was distributed with the notice shown below. No
  additional restrictions are claimed.  Please redistribute this changed
  version under the same conditions and restriction that apply to the
  original version.
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
         
  
  100VG
         100 Voice Grade [technology]
         
  10GE
         10 GigaBIT Ethernet (ethernet, BIT)
         

From The Jargon File (version 4.4.7, 29 Dec 2003) :

  This file was converted from the original database on:
            Sun Jun 21 02:40:17 2009
  
  The original data is available from:
       http://catb.org/~esr/jargon/jargsrc.tar.gz
  
  The original data was distributed with the notice shown below. No additional
  restrictions are claimed.  Please redistribute this changed version under the
  same conditions and restriction that apply to the original version.
  
     This document (the Jargon File) is in the public domain, to be freely
     used, shared, and modified. There are (by intention) no legal restraints
     on what you can do with it, but there are traditions about its proper use
     to which many hackers are quite strongly attached. Please extend the
     courtesy of proper citation when you quote the File, ideally with a
     version number, as it will change and grow over time. (Examples of
     appropriate citation form: "Jargon File 4.4.7" or "The on-line hacker
     Jargon File, version 4.4.7, 29 Dec 2003".)
  

From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (18 May 2012) :

  This file was converted from the original database on:
            Sun May 20 11:28:29 2012
  
  The original data is available from:
       http://foldoc.org/Dictionary.gz
  
  The original data was distributed with the notice shown below. No
  additional restrictions are claimed.  Please redistribute this changed
  version under the same conditions and restriction that apply to the
  original version.
  
  Free On-line Dictionary of Computing%%%computer dictionary%%%computing
  dictionary%%%Dictionary of Computing%%%FOLDOC%%%Free On-line
  Dictionary%%%this dictionary
  
      FOLDOC is a searchable dictionary of acronyms,
     jargon, programming languages, tools, architecture, operating
     systems, networking, theory, conventions, standards,
     mathematics, telecoms, electronics, institutions, companies,
     projects, products, history, in fact anything to do with
     computing.
  
     Copyright 2010 by Denis Howe
  
     Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this
     document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation
     License, Version 1.1 or any later version published by the
     Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, Front-
     or Back-Cover Texts.  A copy of the license is included in the
     section entitled "{GNU Free Documentation License".
  
     Please refer to the dictionary as "The Free On-line Dictionary
     of Computing, http://foldoc.org/, Editor Denis Howe" or
     similar.  Please make the URL both text (for humans) and a
     hyperlink (for Google).
  
     The dictionary has been growing since 1985 and now contains
     over 14000 definitions in over five megabytes of text.
     Entries are cross-referenced to each other and to related
     resources elsewhere on the net.
  
     Where LaTeX commands for certain non-{ASCII symbols are
     mentioned, they are described in their own entries.  "\" is
     also used to represent the Greek lower-case lambda used in
     lambda-calculus.  Cross-references to other entries look
     like this.  Note that not all cross-references actually lead
     anywhere yet, but if you find one that leads to something
     inappropriate, please let me know (feedback.html).  Dates
     after entries indicate when that entry was last updated.  They
     do not imply that it was up-to-date at that time.
  
     You can search the latest version of the dictionary on the
     WWW at URL http://foldoc.org/.  If you find an entry that is
     wrong or inadequate please let me know.
  
     See Pronunciation for how to interpret the pronunciation
     given for some entries.
  
     More about FOLDOC (about.html).
  
     (2007-07-25)
  
  Acknowledgements
  
      Many thanks to the hundreds of contributors
     (contributors.html), and especially to the Guest Editors
     (editors.html), mirror site maintainers and the maintainers
     of the following resources from which some entries originate:
  
     Mike Sendall's STING Software engineering glossary
     , 1993-10-13,
  
     Bill Kinnersley's Language List
     (http://people.ku.edu/~nkinners/LangList/Extras/langlist.htm)
     v2.2, 1994-01-15,
  
     Mark Hopkins' catalogue of Free Compilers and Interpreters
     v6.4, 1994-02-28,
  
     The on-line hacker Jargon File v3.0.0, 1993-07-27,
  
     Internet Users' Glossary (RFC 1392, FYI 18), Jan 1993.
  
     John Cross's computer glossary, 1994-11-01.
  
     John Bayko's Great Microprocessors of the Past and Present,
     v4.0.0, 1994-08-18.
  
     Electronic Commerce Dictionary.
  
     (2007-11-16)
  

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary :

  00-database-info
  This file was converted from the original database on:
            Sun Jul  5 21:43:14 1998
  
  
  The original data is available from:
       ftp://ccel.wheaton.edu/ebooks/HTML/e/easton/ebd/
  
  The original data was distributed with the notice shown below.  No
  additional restrictions are claimed.  Please redistribute this
  changed version under the same conditions and restriction that
  apply to the original version.
  
     
                          Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
     
                           Public Domain -- Copy Freely
     
     These Dictionary topics are from M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated
     Bible Dictionary, Third Edition, published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Due
     to the nature of etext, the illustrated portion of the Dictionary have
     not been included.
     
     The current format has been designed for programatic reference, placing
     50 topics in a file, preceeding each topic with $$topic_number,
     surrounding the topic name with back-slashes, References to other topics
     are prefixed with a  (ascii 175) double arrow followed by the 8 byte
     topic number. It should be noted that it is possible to have the topic
     prefix followed by "(n/a)". This is due to a very small number of topic
     references which were unable to be resolved. These topics are:
     
     
        Laadan, Land Laws, Vashni.
     
     These topics are not listed in the printed edition and it is not
     apparent what Mr. Eastone intended.  The verse references have not been
     marked up or tagged for program usage.  It is hoped someone will do this
     work and make the resulting files available to the person(s) below.
     
     The most current and correct copies of these files can be obtained from
     the following.  If any errors are located, please ensure you have the
     latest files, and if so, we would appreciate being informed of the
     error.
     
     
        The Bible Foundation BBS
     
        602-789-7040 (14.4 kbs)
     
     Or by contacting:
     
     
        Mark Fuller
     
        1129 East Loyola Drive
     
        Tempe, Arizona, 85282
     
        602-829-8542 (voice)
     

From Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary (late 1800's) :

  00-database-info
  This file was converted from the original database on:
            Sun Jul  5 21:43:41 1998
  
  
  The original data is available from:
      
  ftp://ccel.wheaton.edu/ebooks/HTML/bible_names/bible_names.txt
  
  The original data was distributed with the notice shown below.  No
  additional restrictions are claimed.  Please redistribute this
  changed version under the same conditions and restriction that
  apply to the original version.
  
     HITCHCOCK'S BIBLE NAMES DICTIONARY
     
     This dictionary is from "Hitchcock's New and Complete Analysis of
     the Holy Bible," published in the late 1800s.  It contains more
     than 2,500 Bible and Bible-related proper names and their
     meanings.  Some Hebrew words of uncertain meaning have been left
     out. It is out of copyright, so feel free to copy and distribute
     it. I pray it will help in your study of God's Word.
     
                                  --Brad Haugaard
     
     

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  00-database-info
  
  
  
                                       A
                                 LAW DICTIONARY
                    ADAPTED TO THE CONSTITUTION AND LAWS OF
                          THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
                                   AND OF THE
                      SEVERAL STATES OF THE AMERICAN UNION
         With References to the Civil and Other Systems of Foreign Law
                                       by
                                  John Bouvier
             Ignoratis terminis ignoratur et ars. - Co. Litt. 2 a.
             Je sais que chaque science et chaque art a ses termes
                propres, inconnu au commun des hommes. - Fleury
            SIXTH EDITION, REVISED, IMPROVED, AND GREATLY ENLARGED.
                                    VOL. I.
                          ---------------------------
  
                                  PHILADELPHIA
                       CHILDS & PETERSON, 124 ARCH STREET
                                      1856
  
  Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year one thousand eight hundred
  and thirty-nine, BY JOHN BOUVIER, In the Clerk's Office of the District
  9Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.
                         -----------------------------
  Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year one thousand eight hundred
  and forty-three, BY JOHN BOUVIER, In the Clerk's Office of the District
  Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.
                         -----------------------------
  Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year one thousand eight hundred
  and forty-eight, BY JOHN BOUVIER, In the Clerk's Office of the District
  Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.
                         -----------------------------
  Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year one thousand eight hundred
  and fifty-two, BY ELIZA BOUVIER and ROBERT E. PETERSON, Trustees, In the
  Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Eastern District of
  Pennsylvania.
  
                          Deacon & Peterson, Printers
                             66 South Third Street.
  
                                TO THE HONORABLE
                             JOSEPH STORY, L L.D.,
          One of the Judges of the Supreme Court of the United States
          THIS WORK is WITH HIS PERMISSION MOST RESPECTFULLY DEDICATED
                                 AS A TOKEN OF
       GREAT REGARD ENTERTAINED FOR HIS TALENTS, LEARNING, AND CHARACTER,
                                       BY
                                  THE AUTHOR.
  
                                 ADVERTISEMENT
                              TO THE THIRD EDITION
  
       Encouraged by the success of this work, the author has endeavored to
  render this edition as perfect as it was possible for him to make it.  He
  has remoulded very many of the articles contained in the former editions,
  and added upwards of twelve hundred new ones.
       To render the work as useful as possible, he has added a very copious
  index to the whole, which, at the same time that it will assist the
  inquirer, will exhibit the great number of subjects treated in these
  volumes.
       As Kelham's Law Dictionary has been published in this city, and can be
  had by those who desire to possess it, that work has not been added as an
  appendix to this edition.
                         Philadelphia, November, 1848.
  
  
                                 ADVERTISEMENT
                             TO THE FOURTH EDITION
  
       Since the publication of the last edition of this work, its author,
  sincerely devoted to the advancement of his profession, has given to the
  world his Institutes of American Law, in 4 vols. Svo.  Always endeavoring to
  render his Dictionary as perfect as possible, he was constantly revising it;
  and whenever he met with an article which he had omitted, he immediately
  prepared it for a new edition.  After the completion of his Institutes, in
  September last, laboring to severely, he fell a victim to his zeal, and died
  on the 18th of November, 1851, at the age of sixty-four.
       In preparing this edition, not only has the matter left by its author
  been made use of, but additional matter has been added, so that the present
  will contain nearly one-third more than the last edition.  Under one head,
  that of Maxims, nearly thirteen hundred new articles have been added.  The
  book has been carefully examined, a great portion of it by two members of
  the bar, in order that it might be purged, as far as possible, from all
  errors of every description.  The various changes in the constitutions of the
  states made since the last edition, have been noticed, so far as was
  compatible with this work; and every effort made to render it as perfect as
  a work of the kind would permit, in order that it might still sustain the
  reputation given to it by a Dublin barrister, "of being a work of a most
  elaborate character, as compared with English works of a similar nature, and
  one which should be in every library."
       That it may still continue to receive the approbation of the Bench and
  Bar of the United States, is the sincere desire of the widow and daughter of
  its author.
  
  
                                    PREFACE
  
  To the difficulties which the author experienced on his admission to the
  bar, the present publication is to be attributed.  His endeavours to get
  forward in his profession were constantly obstructed, and his efforts for a
  long time frustrated, for want of that knowledge which his elder brethren of
  the bar seemed to possess.  To find among the reports and the various
  treatises on the law the object of his inquiry, was a difficult task; he was
  in a labyrinth without a guide: and much of the time which was spent in
  finding his way out, might, with the friendly assistance of one who was
  acquainted with the construction of the edifice, have been saved, and more
  profitably employed.  He applied to law dictionaries and digests within his
  reach, in the hope of being directed to the source whence they derived their
  learning, but be was too often disappointed; they seldom pointed out the
  authorities where the object of his inquiry might be found.  It is true such
  works contain a great mass of information, but from the manner in which they
  have been compiled, they sometimes embarrassed him more than if he had not
  consulted them.  They were written for another country, possessing laws
  different from our own, and it became a question how far they were or were
  not applicable here.  Besides, most of the matter in the English law
  dictionaries will be found to have been written while the feudal law was in
  its full vigor, and not fitted to the present times, nor calculated for
  present use, even in England.  And there is a great portion which, though
  useful to an [vii] English lawyer, is almost useless to the American
  student.  What, for example, have we to do with those laws of Great Britain
  which relate to the person of their king, their nobility, their clergy,
  their navy, their army; with their game laws; their local statutes, such as
  regulate their banks, their canals, their exchequer, their marriages, their
  births, their burials, their beer and ale houses, and a variety of similar
  subjects?
       The most modern law dictionaries are compilations from the more
  ancient, with some modifications and alterations and, in many instances,
  they are servile copies, without the slightest alteration.  In the mean time
  the law has undergone a great change.  Formerly the principal object of the
  law seemed to be to regulate real property, in all its various artificial
  modifications, while little or no attention was bestowed upon the rules
  which govern personal property and rights.  The mercantile law has since
  arisen, like a bright pyramid, amid the gloom of the feudal law, and is now
  far more important in practice, than that which refers to real estate.  The
  law of real property, too, has changed, particularly in this country.
       The English law dictionaries would be very unsatisfactory guides, even
  in pointing out where the laws relating to the acquisition and transfer of
  real estate, or the laws of descent in the United States, are to be found.
  And the student who seeks to find in the Dictionaries of Cowel, Manly,
  Jacobs, Tomlins, Cunningham, Burn, Montefiore, Pott, Whishaw, Williams, the
  Termes de Ley, or any similar compilation, any satisfactory account in
  relation to international law, to trade and commerce, to maritime law, to
  medical jurisprudence, or to natural law, will probably not be fully
  gratified.  He cannot, of course, expect to find in them anything in
  relation to our government, our constitutions, or our political or civil
  institutions.[viii]
       It occurred to the author that a law dictionary, written entirely
  anew, and calculated to remedy those defects, would be useful to the
  profession.  Probably overrating his strength, he resolved to undertake the
  task, and if he should not fully succeed, he will have the consolation to
  know, that his effort may induce some more gifted individual, and better
  qualified by his learning, to undertake such a task, and to render the
  American bar an important service.  Upon an examination of the constitution
  and laws of the United States, and of the several states of the American
  Union, he perceived many technical expressions and much valuable information
  which he would be able to  incorporate in his work.  Many of these laws,
  although local in their nature, will be found useful to every lawyer,
  particularly those engaged in mercantile practice.  As instances of such laws
  the reader is referred to the articles Acknowledgment, Descent, Divorce,
  Letters of Administration, and Limitatio.  It is within the plan of this
  work to explain such technical expressions as relate to the legislative,
  executive, or judicial departments of the government; the political and the
  civil rights and duties of the citizens; the rights and duties of persons,
  particularly such as are peculiar to our institutions, as, the rights of
  descent and administration; of the mode of acquiring and transferring
  property; to the criminal law, and its administration.  It has also been an
  object with the author to embody in his work such decisions of the courts as
  appeared to him to be important, either because they differed from former
  judgments, or because they related to some point which was before either
  obscure or unsettled.  He does not profess to have examined or even referred
  to all the American cases; it is a part of the plan, however, to refer to
  authorities, generally, which will lead the student to nearly all the cases.
       The author was induced to believe, that an occasional comparison of the
  civil, canon, and other systems of foreign law, with our own,[ix] would be
  useful to the profession, and illustrate many articles which, without such
  aid, would not appear very clear; and also to introduce many terms from
  foreign laws, which may supply a deficiency in ours.  The articles
  Condonation, Extradition, and Novation, are of this sort.  He was induced to
  adopt this course because the civil law has been considered, perhaps not
  without justice, the best system of written reason, and as all laws are or
  ought to be founded in reason, it seemed peculiarly proper to have recourse
  to this fountain of wisdom: but another motive influenced this decision; one
  of the states of the Union derives most of its civil regulations from the
  civil law; and there seemed a peculiar propriety, therefore, in introducing
  it into an American law dictionary.  He also had the example of a Story, a
  Kent, Mr. Angell, and others, who have ornamented their works from the same
  source.  And he here takes the opportunity to acknowledge the benefits which
  he has derived from the learned labors of these gentlemen, and of those of
  Judge Sergeant, Judge Swift, Judge Gould, Mr. Rawle, and other writers on
  American law and jurisprudence.
       In the execution of his plan, the author has, in the first place,
  defined and explained the various words and phrases, by giving their most
  enlarged meaning, and then all the shades of signification of which they are
  susceptible; secondly, he has divided the subject in the manner which to him
  appeared the most natural, and laid down such principles and rules as belong
  to it; in these cases he has generally been careful to give an illustration,
  by citing a case whenever the subject seemed to require it, and referring to
  others supporting the same point; thirdly, whenever the article admitted of
  it, he has compared it with the laws of other countries within his reach,
  and pointed out their concord or disagreement; and, fourthly, he has
  referred to the authorities, the abridgments, digests, and the [x] ancient
  and modem treatises, where the subject is to be found, in order to
  facilitate the researches of the student.  He desires not to be understood
  as professing to cite cases always exactly in point; on the contrary, in
  many instances the authorities will probably be found to be but distantly
  connected with the subject under examination, but still connected with it,
  and they have been added in order to lead the student to matter of which he
  may possibly be in pursuit.
       To those who are aware of the difficulties of the task, the author
  deems it unnecessary to make any apology for the imperfections which may be
  found in the work.  His object has been to be useful; if that has been
  accomplished in any degree, he will be amply rewarded for his labor; and he
  relies upon the generous liberality of the members of the profession to
  overlook the errors which may have been committed in his endeavors to serve
  them.
                         PHILADELPHIA, September, 1839.
  
  
                                       A
                                 LAW DICTIONARY
  
  A, the first letter of the English and most other alphabets, is frequently
  used as an abbreviation, (q.v.) and also in the marks of schedules or
  papers, as schedule A, B, C, &c.  Among the Romans this letter was used in
  criminal trials.  The judges were furnished with small tables covered with
  wax, and each one inscribed on it the initial letter of his vote; A, when he
  voted to absolve the party on trial; C, when he was for condemnation; and N
  L, (non liquet) when the matter did not appear clearly, and be desired a new
  argument.
  
  

From The Devil's Dictionary (1881-1906) :

  This file was converted from the original database on:
            Thu Dec  1 09:31:27 2011
  
  The original data is available from:
       http://wiretap.area.com/Gopher/Library/Classic/devils.txt
  
  The original data was distributed with the notice shown below. No
  additional restrictions are claimed.  Please redistribute this changed
  version under the same conditions and restriction that apply to the
  original version.
  
  
  
              The Internet Wiretap 1st Online Edition of
  
  
                        THE DEVIL'S DICTIONARY
  
                                  by
  
                            AMBROSE BIERCE
  
  
             Copyright 1911 by Albert and Charles Boni, Inc.
                 A Public Domain Text, Copyright Expired
  
                         Released April 15 1993
  
                   Entered by Aloysius of &tSftDotIotE
                       aloysius@west.darkside.com
  
  
  
                                PREFACE
  
  _The Devil's Dictionary_ was begun in a weekly paper in 1881, and was
  continued in a desultory way at long intervals until 1906.  In that
  year a large part of it was published in covers with the title _The
  Cynic's Word Book_, a name which the author had not the power to
  reject or happiness to approve.  To quote the publishers of the
  present work:
      "This more reverent title had previously been forced upon him by
  the religious scruples of the last newspaper in which a part of the
  work had appeared, with the natural consequence that when it came out
  in covers the country already had been flooded by its imitators with a
  score of 'cynic' books -- _The Cynic's This_, _The Cynic's That_, and
  _The Cynic's t'Other_.  Most of these books were merely stupid, though
  some of them added the distinction of silliness.  Among them, they
  brought the word 'cynic' into disfavor so deep that any book bearing
  it was discredited in advance of publication."
      Meantime, too, some of the enterprising humorists of the country
  had helped themselves to such parts of the work as served their needs,
  and many of its definitions, anecdotes, phrases and so forth, had
  become more or less current in popular speech.  This explanation is
  made, not with any pride of priority in trifles, but in simple denial
  of possible charges of plagiarism, which is no trifle.  In merely
  resuming his own the author hopes to be held guiltless by those to
  whom the work is addressed -- enlightened souls who prefer dry wines
  to sweet, sense to sentiment, wit to humor and clean English to slang.
      A conspicuous, and it is hoped not unpleasant, feature of the book
  is its abundant illustrative quotations from eminent poets, chief of
  whom is that learned and ingenius cleric, Father Gassalasca Jape,
  S.J., whose lines bear his initials.  To Father Jape's kindly
  encouragement and assistance the author of the prose text is greatly
  indebted.
                                                                    A.B.
  

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

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  This file was converted from the original database on:
            Sat Feb 15 16:00:42 2003
  
  
  The original data is available from:
      
  http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/countrylisting.html
  
  The original data was distributed with the notice shown below.  No
  additional restrictions are claimed.  Please redistribute this
  changed version under the same conditions and restriction that
  apply to the original version.
  
        In general, information available as of 1 January 2002 was
        used in the preparation of this edition.
       
        The World Factbook is prepared by the Central Intelligence Agency for
        the use of US Government officials, and the style, format, coverage,
        and content are designed to meet their specific requirements.
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        The Factbook is in the public domain. Accordingly, it may be copied
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        NOTE: The Table of Contents is contained in CIA World Factbook 2002
     
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From U.S. Gazetteer Counties (2000) :

  00-database-info
  The original data is available from:
  
  http://www.census.gov/ftp/pub/tiger/tmz/gazetteer/county2k.txt
  http://www.census.gov/ftp/pub/tiger/tms/gazetteer/zips.txt
  
    The original U.S. Gazetteer Place and Zipcode Files
    are provided by the U.S. Census Bureau and are in
    the Public Domain.

From U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  00-database-info
  The original data is available from:
  
  http://www.census.gov/ftp/pub/tiger/tmz/gazetteer/places2k.txt
  http://www.census.gov/ftp/pub/tiger/tms/gazetteer/zips.txt
  
    The original U.S. Gazetteer Place and Zipcode Files
    are provided by the U.S. Census Bureau and are in
    the Public Domain.

From U.S. Gazetteer Zip Code Tabulation Areas (2000) :

  00-database-info
  The original data is available from:
  
  http://www.census.gov/ftp/pub/tiger/tmz/gazetteer/zcta5.txt
  http://www.census.gov/ftp/pub/tiger/tms/gazetteer/zips.txt
  
    The original U.S. Gazetteer Place and Zipcode Files
    are provided by the U.S. Census Bureau and are in
    the Public Domain.

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